Our Filaments

Table of Contents

Filaments used by Moose 3D

At Moose 3D, I offer my customers a range of different printing materials for custom printing, I use PLA, PETG, PETG-CF and PC. These offer a varied range of surface finishes, strengths and flexibility.

Below is a bit of information about how each of these filaments are unique, what they can be used for and data sheets for each filament.

PLA Matte

Polylactic acid (PLA) is a biodegradable and bioactive thermoplastic aliphatic polyester derived primarily from renewable resources like corn starch or sugarcane. It is widely recognized for its environmentally friendly profile, primarily because it is made from renewable resources and can degrade into harmless lactic acid, making it an attractive alternative to petroleum-based plastics.

Credit: @JamesThePrinter

PLA FILAMENT PROPERTIES:

Strength

Medium

Flexibility

Low

Durability

Medium

UV

Low

Water Resistance

Low

PLA is produced through a process of fermenting the starch to produce lactic acid, which is then polymerized to create the plastic. This bioplastic is popular in industries such as packaging, agriculture, automotive, and medicine, mainly due to its biodegradability, renewability, and relatively low toxicity. It’s especially popular in 3D printing, where it is prized for its ease of use, low melting temperature, and ability to produce high-quality prints.

Despite its advantages, PLA also has limitations, such as a lower resistance to heat and less flexibility compared to traditional plastics like PET or PVC. While it biodegrades under industrial composting conditions, it does not readily decompose in natural environments, such as landfills or the ocean, which is a common misconception. Addressing the full lifecycle and environmental impact of PLA, including its production and end-of-life disposal, continues to be a focus of ongoing research and development.

Pros and Cons of PLA

PLA is made from renewable resources such as corn starch or sugar cane, reducing reliance on fossil fuels. It is also biodegradable under industrial composting conditions, breaking down into harmless natural compounds.

PLA is generally considered safe for contact with food products and is also used in medical implants and devices, which degrade in the body over time without causing harm.

PLA can be produced to be both clear and high gloss, making it suitable for products where aesthetic quality is important.

PLA is not as heat-resistant as other plastics, which can limit its use in applications involving high temperatures. It also has lower impact resistance and is generally more brittle.

Although biodegradable under industrial composting conditions, PLA does not decompose easily in natural environments like soil or marine contexts, which requires specific conditions of heat and humidity to degrade effectively.

PLA is hygroscopic, meaning it absorbs moisture, which can affect its mechanical properties and dimensional stability.

PLA Material Data Sheets

Here you will find links to the Data Sheets & Safety Data Sheets for our PLA material. The datasheet comes directly from the material manufacturer and are produced by testing printed artefacts.

I often use materials from the machine manufacturer themselves to best replicate the data provided on these PDF documents. The properties may vary depending on part geometry and print orientation, therefore the values are a good guideline but can not be guaranteed.

PETG

PETG, or polyethylene terephthalate glycol-modified, is a thermoplastic polyester that is highly valued for its clarity, durability, and thermoformability. It is a variation of PET (the material commonly used in water bottles), but with the addition of glycol, which modifies the material’s properties.

Credit: Bambulabs

PETG FILAMENT PROPERTIES:

Strength

High

Flexibility

Medium

Durability

High

UV

Medium

Water Resistance

High

PETG is known for its excellent printability and is a popular choice in the 3D printing community because it does not require a heated bed, produces very little odor, and is less prone to warping compared to other materials like ABS. It also has a slightly flexible quality that prevents it from being brittle.

In terms of physical properties, PETG offers a good chemical resistance, is impact-resistant, and has a higher heat resistance than PLA, another common 3D printing material. It is safe for food contact, which makes it useful in food packaging and containers, though for direct food contact applications, proper certification is required.

PETG is also used in signage, packaging, and in the medical industry due to its clarity and sterilizability. It can be readily vacuum-formed, welded, and glued, which makes it versatile for various manufacturing processes.

Pros and Cons of PETG

PETG is more durable against impacts compared to PLA.

PETG is recyclable, which supports environmental sustainability efforts.

It can be used for food contact applications, provided it has been certified for food safety.

During 3D printing, PETG can exhibit stringing or oozing, which may require fine-tuning of printer settings and post-processing to clean up.

PETG can stick too well to the print bed, sometimes making it difficult to remove the finished object without damaging either the object or the bed.

Compared to PLA, which is derived from corn starch and is biodegradable, PETG is less environmentally friendly in terms of biodegradability.

PETG Material Data Sheets

Here you will find links to the Data Sheets & Safety Data Sheets for our PETG material. The datasheet comes directly from the material manufacturer and are produced by testing printed artefacts.

I often use materials from the machine manufacturer themselves to best replicate the data provided on these PDF documents. The properties may vary depending on part geometry and print orientation, therefore the values are a good guideline but can not be guaranteed.

PETG-CF

PETG-CF (Polyethylene Terephthalate Glycol-modified with Carbon Fiber) is a composite 3D printing filament that combines the favorable properties of PETG with the added strength and stiffness provided by carbon fiber reinforcement. This material is designed to offer enhanced mechanical properties, thermal stability, and chemical resistance compared to standard PETG.

Credit: Firs Model @cmdesign_100023

PETG-CF FILAMENT PROPERTIES:

Strength

High

Flexibility

Low

Durability

High

UV

High

Water Resistance

High

The incorporation of carbon fibers significantly enhances the tensile strength and stiffness of the filament. This makes PETG-CF ideal for applications requiring robust, durable parts.

Improved Thermal Properties: The addition of carbon fibers improves the heat resistance of the filament. Parts printed with PETG-CF can withstand higher temperatures without deforming, making them suitable for more demanding environments.

PETG alone offers good resistance to chemicals, and this property is retained in PETG-CF, making it suitable for parts that may be exposed to corrosive substances.

PETG-CF produces parts with a matte finish and a slightly textured surface due to the carbon fibers. This can be desirable in applications where a glossy finish is not preferred.

Pros and Cons of PETG-CF

The addition of carbon fibers enhances the overall strength and stiffness of the material, making components more durable and resilient under stress.

PETG-CF exhibits improved thermal properties compared to standard PETG. It can withstand higher temperatures without deforming, which is beneficial for applications exposed to heat.

Like PETG, PETG-CF retains resistance to many chemicals, making it suitable for parts that may be exposed to corrosive environments.

While the stiffness is an advantage in many cases, it also means the material is less flexible, which might not be ideal for applications where some degree of bending or flexibility is required.

PETG-CF requires careful handling and storage as moisture absorption can affect print quality. It may require drying before use.

PETG-CF tends to be more expensive than standard PETG and other non-reinforced filaments due to the inclusion of high-performance carbon fibers.

PETG-CF Material Data Sheets

Here you will find links to the Data Sheets & Safety Data Sheets for our PETG-CF material. The datasheet comes directly from the material manufacturer and are produced by testing printed artefacts.

I often use materials from the machine manufacturer themselves to best replicate the data provided on these PDF documents. The properties may vary depending on part geometry and print orientation, therefore the values are a good guideline but can not be guaranteed.

Polycarbonate - (PC)

Polycarbonate (PC) filament is a strong, durable 3D printing material known for its high impact resistance, toughness, and transparency. It is a thermoplastic with a high melting point, typically around 260-300°C, making it suitable for applications that require exposure to high temperatures or that demand structural stability under mechanical stress. The material used in Bullet-Proof Glass.

Credit:

PC FILAMENT PROPERTIES:

Strength

High

Flexibility

Low

Durability

High

UV

Medium

Water Resistance

High

PC filament is popular in the field of engineering and professional 3D printing due to its excellent mechanical properties which include stiffness and strength superior to other plastics like ABS or PLA. It also maintains these properties over a wide range of temperatures. Additionally, PC has good electrical insulation properties and is flame retardant, often used in electrical and electronic applications.

Despite its strengths, polycarbonate filament can be challenging to print with. It requires a high extruder temperature and a heated print bed. It also tends to warp and absorb moisture from the air, which can lead to printing issues such as cracking or poor layer adhesion if not properly managed. As such, it is recommended to store PC filament in a dry environment and possibly dry it before use.

In terms of applications, polycarbonate is used in a variety of fields ranging from automotive components, protective gear, and medical devices to functional prototypes and parts subjected to high-stress or heat conditions.

Pros and Cons of PC

Polycarbonate is well-known for its superb impact resistance, often used in bullet-proof glass and other protective applications because it can absorb and dissipate large amounts of energy.

Polycarbonate can withstand extreme temperatures and maintains its properties over a wide temperature range, which makes it suitable for use in applications exposed to harsh conditions.

Polycarbonate is inherently flame retardant, which makes it suitable for use in electronics and applications that require strict fire safety standards.

Polycarbonate is more prone to scratching than other plastics like acrylic or glass. This can be mitigated to some extent with scratch-resistant coatings but is still a consideration in choosing the material for certain applications.

Polycarbonate can be sensitive to certain chemicals and solvents, which can lead to degradation or damage. Care must be taken in environments where chemical exposure is possible.

While polycarbonate is transparent and effective at transmitting light, it can degrade under prolonged exposure to UV radiation unless it is treated with a UV-resistant coating.

PC Material Data Sheets

Here you will find links to the Data Sheets & Safety Data Sheets for our PC material. The datasheet comes directly from the material manufacturer and are produced by testing printed artefacts.

I often use materials from the machine manufacturer themselves to best replicate the data provided on these PDF documents. The properties may vary depending on part geometry and print orientation, therefore the values are a good guideline but can not be guaranteed.